Endangered Species in Region XI
Hombron's kingfisher or the blue-capped kingfisher (Actenoides hombroni) is a species of bird in the family Alcedinidae endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical, moist, lowland forests and subtropical or tropical, moist, montane forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Ansonia muelleri is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, and freshwater springs. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Ansonia mcgregori is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, and freshwater springs. It is threatened by habitat loss.
VISAYAN WARTY PIG
Although called a warty pig, facial warts of this species are small and only found in males. These pigs are best recognized by the white stripe which runs over the bridge of the nose behind the mouth.
ESTIMATED NUMBER IN THE WILD: Numbers of wild Visayan warty pigs are not available, but the species has lost 95% of its former range in recent times and is highly endangered.
Status: CRITICALLY ENDANGERED
CAMIGUIN FOREST RAT
Found only on one tiny island in the Philippines, the Camiguin forest rat is a little-known species as it has only been known to scientists since 2002. The Camiguin forest rat has soft, thick dark reddish-brown fur, which is slightly paler on the underside.The snout and the sides of the face are covered in dark grey hairs. The Camiguin forest rat has small, nearly naked ears, relatively large forefeet, and long, wide hindfeet. The relatively short tail, which measures less than the head and body length, is almost entirely hairless.
The Philippine leafbird (Chloropsis flavipennis) is a species of bird in the Chloropseidae family. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is found in the islands of Mindanao, Leyte, and Cebu. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. Its stronghold appears to be Mindanao, with populations small in Leyte and in Cebu, the species could already be extinct.
Coeliccia exoleta is a Philippine endemic species, confined to Mindanao and Camiguin islands. So far, the species has been recorded in 12 sites. The species has a very fragmented range and occurs in low numbers. It was recorded once in Camiguin, and there is reference in Muller's collection to several sites in Mindanao. Surveys of several of the Mindanao sites in recent years have failed to find the species.
MINDANAO SHREW RAT
The Mindanao Shrew Rat (Crunomys melanius) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found only in the Philippines.
PHILIPPINE FLYING LEMUR
The Philippine flying lemur or Philippine colugo (Cynocephalus volans), known locally as the kagwang, is one of two species of flying lemurs, the only two living species in the order Dermoptera. Additionally, it is the only member of the genus Cynocephalus. The other species is the Sunda flying lemur. Recent research from genetic analysis suggests two other species, the Bornean flying lemur and the Javan flying lemur, may exist, as well, but they have yet to be officially classified so. Although called a flying lemur, it cannot fly and is not a lemur. Both species of Dermoptera are classified under the superorder Euarchonta which includes the Scandentia and the primates, as well as an extinct order of mammals, the Plesiadapiformes.
MINDANAO FLYING DRAGON
Draco mindanensis, commonly known as the Mindanao flying dragon, is a lizard species endemic to the Philippines. Characterized by a dull grayish brown body color and a vivid tangerine orange dewlap, this species is one of the largest of the genus Draco. It is diurnal, arboreal, and capable of gliding. The Mindanao flying dragon inhabits regions of primary and secondary-growth forests. There appears to be a dependence on primary dipterocarp forest for this species' survival. D. mindanensis is noted for being a bioindicator for the forested regions of Mindanao. Threatened heavily by deforestation, the IUCN has listed D. mindanensis as vulnerable. Currently, there are no specific conservation efforts being made to preserve the species. Rather, there are projects that target the protection of the habitats in which the Mindanao flying dragon lives.
The species' habitat is subject to deforestation and pollution from human settlements. The known distributional range of Drepanosticta centrosaurus is in one of the few remaining forested areas in the Philippine archipelago although illegal logging and slash and burn farming are still ongoing. The continuing clearance of forest will eventually eliminate potential habitat for this species. The association of D. centrosaurus to freshwater supply makes contact with human settlement inevitable; the species is susceptible to disturbance, habitat clearance and domestic pollution. Presently, mining for various metals within the distributional range by small- to large-scale companies has led to rapid degradation of habitat as most of these mining firms employ open pit mining. Most of these mining activities do not follow sustainable mining practices, and this has led to contamination of waterways, which has also placed the larval stage under threat.
The grey imperial pigeon (Ducula pickeringii) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and plantations. It is threatened by habitat loss.
TAGIBO WART FROG
The Dinagat gymnure (Podogymnura aureospinula) is a species of mammal in the family Erinaceidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
PHILIPPINE SMALL-DISKED FROG
The Philippine small-disked frog (Limnonectes parvus) is a species of frog in the Dicroglossidae family. It is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
MINDANAO BROWN DOVE
The Mindanao brown dove (Phapitreron brunneiceps) is a threatened species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to forests on the Philippine islands of Mindanao and Basilan, but it has not been recorded from the latter island since 1937. It is threatened by habitat loss and hunting. Until recently, it was considered conspecific with the Tawitawi brown dove and collectively called the dark-eared brown dove.
The giant scops owl, lesser eagle-owl, or Mindanao eagle-owl (Otus gurneyi) is a species of owl in the family Strigidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. In size and structure, it is considered intermediate between a scops owl and an eagle-owl. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.
MINDANAO HORNED FROG
The Mindanao horned frog or Southeast Asian horned toad (Megophrys stejnegeri) is a species of amphibian in the Megophryidae family. It is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, rivers, and intermittent rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The Mindanao treeshrew (Urogale everetti), also called the Philippine tree shrew, is a species of treeshrew endemic to the Mindanao region in the Philippines. It is the only member of the genus Urogale. The scientific name commemorates British colonial administrator and zoological collector Alfred Hart Everett.
Hemicordulia apoensis is endemic to the Philippines and is probably confined to the Mount Apo area on Mindanao. The species has been recorded only in areas actually within the central part of the mountain. It has been recorded in five sites which are all close to each other. Based on current data, the area of occupancy is less than 500 km², but it is hoped that the species will be found in other areas as field surveys continue. Its extent of occurrence is definitely less than 5,000 km². Hemicordulia apoensis is confined to the area surrounding Mount Apo on the Philippine island of Mindanao. Due to this restricted range, less than five locations known and ongoing habitat degradation (even though the area is officially designated as a protected area) the species qualifies for an Endangered listing.
This species is currently known from a few mountains on north-western Mindanao Island, in the Philippines. Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on Mindanao in the Philippines.